Diabetes self-management at home and the role of continuous glucose monitors (CGMs)

Diabetes self-management at home

Table of Content

        • Introduction
        • A new approach to diabetes management: continuous glucose monitoring
        • How does a CGM work?
        • Advantages of the CGM
        • Diabetes self-management via CGM systems
        • Effective exercise plan
        • Healthy diet
        • Treatment with medicine
        • Conclusion


Diabetes is a long-lasting health condition affecting thousands of people worldwide. The treatment of diabetes is an array of strategies that include nutritious eating, exercise regularly, medications, and keeping track of blood glucose levels. It is also possible to implement a diabetes self-management approach at home to deal with the condition effectively.

Continuous Glucose Monitoring (CGM) is a revolutionary technology that plays a major role in the self-management of diabetes.

CGM provides the user with continuous blood glucose measurement. This article will discuss the basics of CGM, how it functions, and its advantages for managing diabetes.

A new approach to diabetes management: continuous glucose monitoring

Continuous Glucose Monitoring (CGM) is a device which measures blood sugar levels constantly during the day as well as at night. The CGM comprises a tiny sensor placed under the skin, and the transmitter transmits glucose levels to a device or smartphone application.

The CGM sensor is usually inserted underneath the skin of your stomach, arm or thigh. It measures blood glucose levels in the interstitial space every several minutes. This lets you access immediate glucose information via a smartphone or receiver app.

CGM users can set targets for glucose levels; the device will notify users and set alarms if glucose levels exceed those ranges.

This permits prompt action that can be taken immediately, for example, ingesting glucose for treating low blood sugar or changing medication to reduce the development of high blood sugar. CGM technology can also provide information on the glucose trend, which is vital to ensure effective control of diabetes.

It demonstrates how levels of glucose fluctuate over time. This will help people recognize patterns in their blood sugar levels due to exercise, diet or medications.

For instance, CGM data may indicate that certain food items or actions cause major glucose level fluctuations, making it more straightforward to adjust your lifestyle to improve glucose control. CGM information can help health professionals identify dosages or timing problems and modify treatments in line with them.

There are a variety of CGM equipment available in the market, and out of them, top-notch brands are reliable and offer an excellent user experience with highly accurate results.

Abbott’s Freestyle Libre 3 and Dexcom G7 are the best CGM products. Their cutting-edge technology offers significant satisfaction to users checking their blood glucose levels.

How does a CGM work?

CGM device comprises three major elements: a sensor, transmitter, receiver, or smartphone application. Its CGM sensors are tiny disposable devices placed under the skin to monitor interstitial fluid glucose levels.

The Sensor features a tiny wire coated by an enzyme that interacts with sugar molecules in the fluid interstitial. The reaction produces an electrical signal, which is then converted into glucose measurement.

The CGM transmitter is connected to the Sensor. It sends glucose information to the smartphone or receiver application using Bluetooth or other wireless technology. It can be worn over the body or placed nearby, for example, on a table at the bedside.

CGM receivers or smartphone apps provide real-time glucose information, alerts, and alarms if glucose levels exceed the target range. Specific CGM systems permit sharing data with health professionals or relatives, which could aid in managing diabetes and support.

It’s crucial to understand that CGM measurements differ from measurements of blood glucose from conventional glucose measurements. CGM measures reflect the levels of interstitial fluid glucose, which can be lagging compared to the blood glucose levels by just several minutes.

Yet, CGM technology provides continuous glucose and trend data that can assist people with diabetes to make informed decision-making about managing their diabetes.

Advantages of the CGM

A continuous glucose Monitoring (CGM) System is a magnificent glucose-measuring instrument with many advantages. It is an ingenious device, and its features make it a favourite among people who use it. Here are some unique benefits of this device that distinguish them from other devices:

Real-time Blood Glucose Information: A CGM provides live glucose information, which allows people to make informed decisions concerning exercise, diet, and medications. The CGM provides immediate information on how specific actions or food items alter glucose levels. This makes it simpler to modify behaviour to control glucose levels better.

Finding patterns and trends: A CGM can help people discern patterns in their glucose levels and trends in time, which allows for better management of diabetes over time. It offers graphs and charts that help identify the causes of glucose levels and make it easy to understand the effect of various life factors that affect glucose levels.

Alerts and Alarms A CGM offers alarms and alerts whenever glucose levels are too high or insufficient and assists individuals in taking the appropriate actions to avoid dangerous complications.

Diabetes self-management via CGM systems

Diabetes is a chronic condition that impacts millions across the globe. There is no treatment for the condition, but self-management is vital for those suffering from this disease to ensure their health and avoid problems.

The three primary methods for managing diabetes include diet, exercise programs, and medications. Furthermore, continuous sugar monitoring (CGM) devices can be vital in helping those suffering from the condition control their blood sugar level.

Effective exercise plan

The proper exercise routine is a crucial aspect of managing diabetes alone. Physical exercise can increase the body’s insulin sensitivity. This allows your body to utilize insulin in a more efficient way to manage the blood sugar levels.

Training can help lower the chance of complications associated with diabetes, like stroke and heart disease.

The American Diabetes Association recommends that those with diabetes participate in at minimum 150 minutes of aerobic exercises per week.

Additionally, the practice of resistance training regularly, at least once per week, is considered beneficial for managing diabetes. There is an image of which type of exercise is most helpful in managing your diabetes using CGM systems. The monitoring equipment will reveal the type of exercise that is most effective in decreasing blood sugar levels.

They assist you in determining the best exercise program.

Healthy diet

Dietary health is another important aspect of self-management. People with diabetes must focus on a well-balanced eating plan for insulin resistance, which includes whole fruit, grains, vegetables, lean proteins, and healthy fats.

It is also recommended to limit the consumption of food items high in trans and saturated fats, salt, and added sugars. A registered dietitian can assist in creating a personalized diet plan suited to each person’s nutritional requirements and blood sugar goals.

One of the most effective ways to manage your diabetes through a healthy diet is to include nutritional supplements in the meals you eat. It is possible to find various supplements from manufacturers designed to treat diabetics. They are designed to lower the blood sugar levels in the body and enhance its functions.

Treatment with medicine

Medications are frequently required for people with diabetes to control their blood sugar levels. They can consist of insulin injections, oral drugs, or both.

It is crucial to use medicines that a doctor prescribes to avoid complications with low or high glucose levels. It is essential to know that the kind of medication given to patients is contingent on the condition of their patients and the nature of their diabetes.

Yet the impact of the medication is easy to measure through the blessings of the CGM device. This medicine can be used for those whose sugar levels are downward on CGM readers. But, if the treatment doesn’t work, CGM trends will not positively influence your blood sugar.


Self-management for diabetes is crucial for people suffering from the illness to keep their health in good shape and avoid issues. Healthy exercise programs, adequate diets, and medical treatments are three of the main strategies to manage diabetes on their own.

Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) instruments are vital for people with diabetes to regulate their blood sugar levels. CGM systems provide helpful information about the efficacy of fitness plans and medical treatment options, allowing individuals to modify their self-management strategies to suit their needs.

By integrating these self-management techniques into their routines, those with diabetes can live a healthy, fulfilling life.

Dietary Supplements For Healthy Blood Glucose Managmenet

Frequently Asked Questions

What is continuous glucose monitoring (CGM)?

Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) is a system that tracks blood glucose levels continuously throughout the day and night, providing real-time information about glucose levels.

How does CGM work?

CGM uses a small sensor that is inserted under the skin, usually on the back of the upper arm. The sensor measures glucose levels in the interstitial fluid, which is the fluid that surrounds the cells just under the skin. The sensor sends the glucose data wirelessly to a receiver or smartphone app, which displays the information in real-time.

What are the benefits of using CGM?

CGM can provide several benefits for people with diabetes, including improved glucose control, reduced risk of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), and reduced risk of hyperglycemia (high blood sugar). CGM can also help people with diabetes better understand how different foods, activities, and medications affect their glucose levels.

Is CGM only for people with type 1 diabetes?

No, CGM can be used by people with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. In fact, CGM can be beneficial for anyone who needs to closely monitor their blood glucose levels, such as those taking insulin or other medications that can cause hypoglycemia.

How do I get started with CGM?

If you’re interested in starting CGM, talk to your healthcare provider. They can help you determine if CGM is right for you, and can provide guidance on how to get started. You’ll need to purchase a CGM system, which typically includes a sensor, receiver or smartphone app, and other supplies. Your healthcare provider can also help you learn how to use the system and interpret the data it provides.

Write a comment

Your email address will not be published. All fields are required